Hyperpigmentation causes patches of skin to become darker than the surrounding skin. It can be visible on the face, hands, and other regions of the body. There are several types of hyperpigmentation, and common ones are melasma, sunspots and post-inflammatory pigmentation.

Causes of Hyperpigmentation

Hyperpigmentation occurs when the skin produces excess melanin, the pigment that gives skin its color. Hyperpigmentation can be caused by:

  • Excess sun exposure. As a defense mechanism to the sun’s harmful UV rays – the body develops lots of Melanin pigment, resulting in an uneven skin tone.
  • As we age, melanin pigment becomes more visible as they increase in size and their distribution becomes more noticeable.
  • Pregnancy and hormonal changes (sometimes caused by medications). These can also trigger the body into producing an excess amount of melanin.
  • Specific skin conditions such as acne, rosacea, psoriasis, and allergies can severely affect the skin’s overall health and contribute greatly to blotchiness and uneven skin texture.
  • Some medications are photosensitive, meaning that exposure to direct sun without sunscreen might worsen the symptoms of hyperpigmentation.

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